Original Research

Incidence of Hypersensitivity Reactions to Carboplatin or Paclitaxel in Patients With Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer With or Without BRCA1 or BRCA2 Mutations

Andrew Garcia,(1) PharmD, Corey Frahm,(1) PharmD, Joanne M. Jeter,(2) MD, Ivo Abraham,(1) PhD, RN, Setsuko K. Chambers,(3) MD, Janiel M. Cragun,(3) MD, and Ali McBride,(1) PharmD

1)University of Arizona College of Pharmacy, Tucson, Arizona; 2)Divisions of Human Genetics and Medical Oncology, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio; 3)University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, Arizona

Authors’ disclosures of conflicts of interest are found at the end of this article.

Ali McBride, PharmD, University of Arizona Cancer Center, 3838 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719. E-mail: Ali.McBride@uahealth.com


J Adv Pract Oncol 2019;10(5):428–439 | https://doi.org/10.6004/jadpro.2019.10.5.2 | © 2019 Harborside™


  

ABSTRACT

Abstract

The association of BRCA mutation status with hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) to carboplatin has gained interest in recent years, particularly in patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancer. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether the presence of BRCA mutations increased the likelihood of HSRs to carboplatin. The incidence of HSRs to paclitaxel and symptom grade based on the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0, were explored as secondary endpoints. A retrospective chart review of patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer at the University of Arizona Cancer Center who underwent treatment with carboplatin-containing regimens and received genetic testing was performed. Institutional review board approval was obtained for this study. Fisher’s exact test was used to analyze the primary outcome. Out of 167 initial patients, 62 with germline test results constituted the evaluable sample. 15 of 62 (24.2%) BRCA-tested patients were treated with carboplatin monotherapy, while 44 of 62 (71.0%) patients were treated with paclitaxel-containing regimens. Hypersensitivity reactions occurred in 4 of 13 (30.8%) BRCA-mutated patients and 22 of 49 (44.9%) BRCA wild-type patients (p = .5291). Hypersensitivity reactions to paclitaxel occurred in 1 of 13 (7.7%) BRCA-mutated patients and 26 of 49 (53.1%) BRCA wild-type patients (p = .0039). Overall, there were 11 grade 1 reactions, 14 grade 2 reactions, and 16 grade 3 reactions to carboplatin. All reactions to carboplatin in BRCA-mutated patients were grade 1. All paclitaxel reactions manifested as grade 2. The sample size was the main study limitation. The presence of BRCA mutations was not statistically significantly associated with a higher incidence of HSRs to carboplatin, but was statistically significant with regards to paclitaxel.




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